Legally Yours,  Political Law

Del Castillo Case Doctrines (Political Law – Administrative, Election, and Public International Law)

Del Castillo Case Doctrines

Summaries of case doctrines penned by Justice Del Castillo.

Political Law Administrative Law

Antolin v. Domondon
G.R. No. 165036, July 5, 2010

PRC’s quasi-legislative and enforcement powers, which encompass its authority to review and approve policies, resolutions, rules and regulations, orders, or decisions, cover more than the administrative investigations conducted pursuant to its quasi-judicial power. Thus, any claim for re-correction or revision of a licensure examination cannot be compelled by mandamus.

Catipon, Jr. v. Jerome Japson
G.R. No. 191787, June 22, 2015

The filing of a petition for review before the Court of Appeals instead of appealing the decision of the CSC-Regional Office to the CSC-Main Office violates the doctrine of exhaustion of administrative remedies.

Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. SM Prime Holdings, Inc.
G.R. no 183505, February 26, 2010

Memorandum circulars cannot modify the law. The same must be consistent with the law which they seek to apply and implement.

Villanueva v. Palawan Council for Sustainable Development
G.R. No. 178347, February 25, 2013

There must be an enabling statute or a legislative act conferring quasi-judicial power upon an administrative body before it may exercise quasi-judicial powers. An agency’s power to formulate rules for the proper discharge of its functions is always circumscribed by the enabling statute.

Political Law Election Laws

Ang Ladlad LGBT Party v. Commission on Elections
G.R. No. 190582, April 8, 2010

The enumeration of marginalized and under-represented sectors for party-list election under the Constitution is not exclusive. The crucial element is not whether a sector is specifically enumerated, but whether a particular organization complies with the requirements of the Constitution and RA 7941.

Additionally, religion is not a valid ground for the denial of an application for accreditation in the party-list system pursuant to the policy of neutrality (Section 5, Article III, 1987 Constitution).

Doromal v. Biron
G.R. No. 181809, February 17, 2010

The requirements set forth under Section 16 of RA 6646 (Electoral Reforms Law of 1987) must first be complied with before a certificate of votes may be admitted as an evidence for falsification or tampering.

Sao, Jr. v. Commission on Elections
G.R. No. 182221, February 3, 2010

Consistent with the summary character and limited scope of a pre-proclamation controversy, Section 20 of RA 7166 lays down the procedure to be followed when election returns are contested before the Board of Canvassers. Compliance with this procedure is mandatory.

Political Law Public International Law

Vinuya, et, al., v. Executive Secretary Romulo
G.R. No. 162230, April 28, 2010

The State cannot be compelled by private individuals to institute proceedings in their behalf. The question whether the Philippine government should espouse claims of its nationals against a foreign government is a foreign relations matter, the authority of which is demonstrably committed by the Constitution not to the court but to the political branches. Thus, the wisdom of the decision to waive all claims against Japan in the Treaty of Peace of 1951 is not for the courts to question.

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